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Ph.d.-forsvar — Isabel Bramsen defends her PhD thesis "Route causes of conflict: Trajectories of violent and nonviolent conflict intensification".
Date & Time:
University of Copenhagen, Centre for Health and Society, Øster Farimagsgade 5, 1353 Copenhagen K., room 4.2.26., the lunch room (Frokoststuen).
Department of Political Science
“Route causes of conflict: Trajectories of violent and nonviolent conflict intensification“. Afhandlingen kan købes som e-bog via Academic books
Time and venue
Thursday 9 March 2017 at 14.00 at University of Copenhagen, Centre for Health and Society, Øster Farimagsgade 5, 1353 Copenhagen K., room 4.2.26., the lunch room (Frokoststuen). Kindly note that the defence will start precisely at the announced time.
Taking point of departure in the assumption that violence is a form rather than a degree of conflict, the focus of the dissertation is twofold: firstly to theorize conflict and conflict intensity as distinct from violence and secondly to investigate how and why conflicts turn violent (or not). The dissertation consists of 9 articles and frame. The first 4 articles theorizes conflict as a social form consisting of three interrelated elements: a situation of contradiction, conflictual interaction and tension. In conflict escalation these three elements are intensified and reinforce each other in chains of interaction rituals such as demonstrations or fighting that energizes actors for further action. The remaining 5 articles examines three Arab Spring cases that took three different pathways: regime change in Tunisia, repression in Bahrain and violent escalation in Syria. Based on 52 interviews and 90 videos of violence and nonviolence it is argued that violence occurred in particular situations where the attacker dominated the situation or avoided facial confrontation with the victim and that the development of the three conflicts depended on which party had the momentum, the nature of repression whether the parties were internally united as well as whether emotional, material and practice mechanisms pushed the conflict in a violent direction or not. The dissertation concludes by investigating how the insights about violence and nonviolence can be used to improve nonviolent resistance and prevent violence.