Københavns Universitet
Uafhængig af ledelsen

PhD thesis defense

Oulimata Diatta, IGN, defends her thesis at the section of Forest, Nature and Biomass

PhD thesis defense — PhD defence - Oulimata Diatta - August 6


Date & Time:

Von Langen, Rolighedsvej 23, 1985 Frederiksberg & https://ucph-ku.zoom.us/j/62253671399

Hosted by:
Section of Forest, Nature and Biomass, Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Rolighedsvej 23, 1958 Frederiksberg


Oulimata Diatta defends her thesis:

Variation among Acacia senegal (L) Willd trees of different genetic origins in relation to climatic adaptation


Professor Erik Dahl Kjær, SNB, UCPH
Associate Professor Anders Ræbild, SNB, UCPH

Assessment Committee:
Head of Unit Heino Konrad, Bundesforschungszentrum Für Wald, Austria
Principal Scientist Jules Bayala, World Agroforestry Center
Head of Research Lars Graudal (Chair), SNB, UCPH

Acacia senegal (L) Willd. is a species of major ecological and socio-economical importance, widely distributed in parts of dry tropical regions of Africa and Asia. The species has received increased interest due to its derived gum arabic, drought tolerance, wide distribution, presence of multiple levels of ploidy and ability to fix nitrogen. To enhance knowledge on degree of genetic variation among populations in A. senegal with a view to its domestication and management in Sahelian area, common garden trials in Senegal were studied in order to understand the morphological and phenological responses associated with the adaptation of the species to dry conditions. The study revealed three levels of ploidy namely diploid (2n), triploid (3n) and tetraploid (4n), but at highly different frequencies among populations. Leaf morphology and isotopic discrimination in A. senegal varied according to ploidy level and geographic origin. Variation among provenances in survival, height and diameter was significant, and differences could be partly explained by the climate at their site of origin. The phenology in A. senegal is also under genetic control with significant differences observed among populations and ploidy levels. Overall, the present thesis demonstrated that A. senegal across Africa consist of provenances that are genetically differentiated in their leaf morphology, phenology and growth, and these differences most likely reflects adaptation to local climatic conditions. The implication for sustainable use and management of genetic resources of the species is discussed with focus on domestication and conservation given the uncertain future climate.